According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), human trafficking generally takes one of two forms: trafficking into labour and sex trafficking.
But other more specific forms of trafficking include domestic servitude, forced marriage, child soldiering, forced begging, forced criminal activity and organ trafficking.
Human Trafficking is defined in the Trafficking Protocol as “the recruitment, transport, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person by such means as threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud or deception for the purpose of exploitation”.
Although anyone can fall victim to human trafficking; minorities, displaced persons and other marginalised groups are most vulnerable to human trafficking. Impoverished populations and victims of violence and homelessness are also at high risk. Traffickers often take advantage of these people’s vulnerabilities and unmet needs.
A third of trafficking victims are children and over half of all victims are female.
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